Wheat was abundant in the upper Jordan valley; pomegranates thrived near Mt. Galilee was a region of great natural fertility. Many of the events in the earthly life of Jesus Christ took place in the region of Galilee and areas surrounding the Sea of Galilee. iii. The valley of Jezreel, named for the capital of the Omride dynasty, which set on a spur of Mt. 13 Galilee. Bible study resource: ancient Nazareth. Updated June 25, 2019. The sea is about 13 miles long and 7 miles wide, but only 150 feet deep, and it lies 650 feet below sea level. General description. Following the division of the nation into the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, Asa, king of Judah, summoned Ben-hadad I, the Syrian, to aid him in his fight against Israel by invading Galilee. Hermon. N-S traffic is most difficult due to the many ranges and faults which run in every direction in Upper Galilee. B. 10 Cana of Galilee. There was a considerable Jewish population in Galilee at this time which would explain, in part, Christ’s following there. Jesus' relationship with the region, including his calling of several fishermen (Peter, Andrew, James, John), lent to the use of the Icththus (fish) symbol to represent Christians. 25 Bethsaida. . 17 Capernaum. The terrain is diversified, containing volcanic and limestone hills with alluvial fertile plains. When Jerusalem fell in a.d. 70, Galilee became the seat of Jewish learning. GALILEE găl’ ə’ le גָּלִיל֒, H1664, גְּלִילָה, H1666, ή Γαλιλαία, literally the circuit or district; Galilee). Galilee. Luke 5:1Now it came to pass, while the multitude pressed upon him and heard the word of God, that he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret. Sepphoris and Tiberias Were Antipas' Jewels . Excavations show just how small it actually was – but every bit of space was used effectively. War III. The word "Gentiles" includes in the Scriptures all who are not Jews. Matthew 4:14–15 are the fourteenth and fifteenth verses of the fourth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.In the previous verses Jesus returned to Galilee after hearing of the arrest of John the Baptist and then left Nazareth for Capernaum.These introduce and then contain the first portion of a quote from the Book of Isaiah showing how these movements … But the Galilee is most prominent by far in the writings of the New Testament, the Gospels in particular. It runs along the coast from Acre to the Ladder of Tyre (Rosh Haniqrah) for about twenty m., its average width being two m. The shore is rocky and without sand dunes, offering no natural harbors of any significance. 6). 29 Bethany. 1 Macc 5:35; 10:30; 12:47, 49). In Galilee, Jesus announces the Kingdom of the heavens. Hiram was dissatisfied with the gift, and called it "the land of Cabul" (q.v.). 19 Nain. Politically Galilee had been under separate administration from Judea during almost all its history since the tenth century B.C. In the allotment of land among the tribes of Israel, Galilee is associated initially with the tribes of Naphtali, Asher, Issachar, and Zebulun (Joshua 19). This is due to the decomposition of volcanic deposits, basaltic subsoil, and the many springs. Agrippa I died in a.d. 44 and parts of Galilee came under the dominion of Herod Agrippa II until a.d. 100. Gilboa, formed approximately an equilateral triangle of twenty m. long sides, the vertices being Jokneam to the W, Tabor to the E, and Ibleam to the S. The eastern end of the Plain of Esdraelon was called the valley of Bethshan. IV. Matthew 4:18 Walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers: Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew, his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen.. Matthew 15:29 Jesus departed there, and came near to the sea of Galilee; and he went up into the mountain, and sat there.. Mark 1:16 Passing along by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew the brother of … Though the records are scanty concerning the occupation of Galilee prior to Israel’s conquest of Canaan, there are traces of settlement and occupation as early as the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages (c. 4,000 to 2,000 b.c.) As Rome continued to administer the remainder of Galilee, the Galileans struggled for independence. GalileeMeaning of Bible Names. B. Kingdom period. In a.d. 40 Caligula ordered Petronius, the governor of Syria, to erect the emperor’s statue in the Temple at Jerusalem. Josephus recounts Aristobulus I’s conquest of Ituraea (Jos. Galilee of the Gentiles - Galilee was divided into upper and lower Galilee. 23 Sea of Galilee. Jabin, the king of Hazor, was the leader of this alliance. The geographical area in Pal. Canaanite fortresses guarded this route: Hazor in the N; Bethshan at the junction of the Esdraelon and Jordan valleys; Ibleam in the Esdraelon valley; and Megiddo, Taanach, and Jokneam at the passes leading S. Most minor routes throughout Galilee run E-W following the E-W basins crossing Lower Galilee. C. New Testament times. ), the Israelite period of dominion over Galilee ended quickly with Samaria’s fall to Assyria in 722 b.c. Please see our other article on this region for more information on this fascinating area! "Galilee" - mentioned in 10 books and occurs 71 times in the Bible (KJV) Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our NEW "Know the Bible" series. At that time all the disciples were at Jerusalem. It was Asher’s allotment, but they never possessed it entirely. Galilee was apportioned among four tribes (19:10-39): Asher received western Galilee with the coastal plain of Acco; Issachar settled in the eastern part of the Jezreel valley and the hills to its N; Zebulun inherited the central part of Galilee between the Plain of Esdraelon and the Sahl el-Battuf valley; Naphtali occupied a large area in eastern and central Galilee. Joshua 12:3And from the plain to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea on the east, the way to Bethjeshimoth: and from the south, under Ashdothpisgah. Numbers 34:11And the coast shall go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the east side of Ain: and the border shall descend, and shall reach unto the side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward. Luke 24:6He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee . קָנֶה, H7866).A village in Galilee, noted as the location of Christ’s first miracle, where at the marriage feast He turned water into wine (John 2:1-11).Following a period of travel He again visited Cana ().The only other mention of this place is in 21:2, as the home of Nathanael. Normally, Galilee is just referred to as Naphthali. of Egypt. The plain of Acco (Acre; plain of Asher) on the Mediterranean coast from Carmel to the Ladder of Tyre crosses the western end of Lower and Upper Galilee. VI. 16 All Galilee. As a result many varied groups did survive. Matthew 15:29 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there. The cities were returned to Solomon. Galilee was the venue for most of Jesus’ ministry. Many scholars see the Greek as original (NRSV, REB). New Testament cities within this area include Nazareth (Luke 1:26), Nain (Luke 7:11), Cana (John 2), Chorazin (Matthew 11:21), Capernaum (Matthew 4:13), Gennesaret (Matthew 14:34), Dalmanutha (Mark 8:10) and others. 15 The Sea of Galilee. Upper Galilee differs from Lower Galilee in many ways. All the sources of the Jordan join together about five m. S of Tell el-Kady. Saul, the first king of Israel, unified the tribes and thereby brought Galilee and the Via Maris (the major trade route) under his control. Ancient history. Later, the tribe of Dan moved to the outskirts of Upper … Though some Israelites still remained in Galilee after this attack (2 Chron 30:10f. This valley, fertile and well-watered, is prob. At least twenty-two species have been classified from the streams and the Sea of Galilee. and the only one which joins the coastal plain with the Jordan valley. Antiq XIII. 31 Beyond the Jordan. The region of Galilee was composed primarily of territory given to the tribe of Naphtali as a Promised Land inheritance. Upper Galilee was called Galilee of the Gentiles, because it was occupied chiefly by Gentiles. 28 Jerusalem. 21 Sea of Galilee. It was in the neighborhood of Tyre, Sidon, etc. Today this marsh and lake have been drained and form the fertile Huleh valley. The plain of Esdraelon, often considered the southern portion of Lower Galilee, is the largest valley bisecting the central mountain range of Pal. This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana . During the apostate and anarchial period of the Judges, Deborah and Barak, with men from the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali, defeated the Canaanite oppression by swooping down from Mt. Go to List of places in the Bible Galilee refers to both a region and a sea in the northern part of Israel. (e.g. Sepphoris and Tiberias were Rom. The Sermon on the Mount, His Transfiguration (though no mountain has been identified with certainty for this event), nineteen of his thirty-two parables, and twenty-five of his thirty-three recorded miracles occurred in Galilee. From the verb גלל (galal), to roll or encircle. Neither victory was permanent. Later Tiberias became the center of the Massoretes’ work of preserving the OT text. Another significant artery ran through Upper Galilee from Tyre to Abel-beth-maacah at the base of Mt. the land or valley of Mizpah (Josh 11:3, 8) which formed the OT border between Israel, Phoenicia, and Aram. Joshua 21:32 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and … With Vespasian’s invasion around a.d. 70, the whole area came under Rom. bounded on the N by the Litani (Leontes) River, the W by the Mediterranean Sea to Mt. “Galilee of the nations” (Isa 9:1) prob. iii. Nazareth lay in the hills twelve miles southwest of the Sea of Galilee: fertile land. Just S of this lake the river Jordan reaches sea level and continues to flow for another ten m. through a rocky basalt gorge (hills stand more than 1,200 ft. above the stream) to the Sea of Galilee situated about 685 ft. below sea level. His reign until 39 A.D. spanned the entire life and ministry of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ. The walnut, which delights above other trees in a wintry climate, grows here luxuriantly together with the palm tree, which is flourished by heat. province of Syria. Galilee was added to the territory of Herod Agrippa I in a.d. 40. The upper Jordan valley forms the eastern sector of Upper Galilee. b.c.) After Herod Agrippa II’s death in a.d. 100, Galilee was joined to the Rom. Upper Galilee (chief city: Ẕefat) has higher peaks separated by narrow gorges and defiles. Apparently, it would be more convenient for them to meet the Lord right there. This valley is known as the valley of Armageddon (named after the site of Megiddo, Rev 16:16), where the great battle of the last times will be fought. If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I … This could help explain the crowds that followed Jesus. Galilee is divided into two parts: Upper and Lower. . In the valleys the villages often kept to the edges of the basin or up the slopes due to flooding in winter. Matthew 26:32But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. The population became heterogeneous with Jews, Aramaeans, Itureans, Greeks, and Phoenicians living together. The Jews called it Galil. The Sanhedrin likewise moved to Sepphoris after a.d. 70 and then to Tiberias. Carmel; and the grapes of Naphtali were famous. Where Is The Sea Of Galilee Mentioned In The Bible Associates For Biblical Research Zebulun By The Sea Zebulun S. Sea Of Galilee Wikipedia. and manifested forth his glory: and his disciples believed on him. Solomon rewarded Hiram for certain services rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among the mountains of Naphtali. The first mention of Galilee in the Bible refers to the location of Kedesh, a city of refuge in the hill country of Naphtali (Joshua 20:7; 21:32; 1 Chronicles 6:76). 11 Jerusalem. Galilee continued as an area of conflict between Israel and Aram (Syria). Two ancient valleys combined to make this larger one. John 4:46 | View whole chapter | See verse in context So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. Neither area is easy to cultivate nor has ever been thickly populated. Bible verses about City Of Galilee. It has been compared with portions of the Carolina and Virginia piedmont. From Egypt this route enters Galilee from the SW through the pass of the Wadi ’Ara at Megiddo (alternative passes were at Taanach and Jokneam). It was ruled by Babylon, Persia, Greece, and the Seleucid empire until the Maccabees conquered parts of it and began the process of Jewish resettlement. 2). The Septuagint or early Greek translation referred to a king of the nations of Galilee in Joshua 12:23, though the Hebrew reads, "Gilgal." It was located in modern-day Northern Israel, … Galilee was open and easily accessible to the outsider. Galilee is commonly divided into three parts: upper Galilee with heavy rains and high peaks, lower Galilee with milder weather, and the Sea of Galilee . The Sea of Galilee is Israel's largest freshwater lake. The region of Galilee in the NT appears to encompass this same area (Matt 4:13-15, 25; 28:16; Mark 1:28; 3:37; Luke 8:26; 17:11). Bibliography G. A. Smith, The Historical Geography of the Holy Land (1896), 379-481; W. Ewing, “Galilee,” ISBE (1929), 1163-65; D. Baly, Geography of the Bible (1957), 184-192; S. Abramsky, Ancient Towns in Israel (1963), 174-250; D. Baly, Geographical Companion to the Bible (1963); Y. Aharoni, The Land of the Bible (1967), 19-33, 41-49, 121-353. While the mountain elevation of Lower Galilee remains below 2,000 ft. the highest peaks of Upper Galilee surpass 3,000 ft., Jebel Jermuk the highest at 3,900 ft. From these high mountains N of the Esh-Shaghur basin the mountain plateau of Upper Galilee slopes to about 1,500-1,800 ft. above sea level in the N before dropping into the gorge of the Litani (Leontes; Kassimiyah) River which separates Upper Galilee from the Lebanese mountains. Acco, Achshaph, Beth-shan; possibly Kedesh and Bethshemesh). Did the Lord preach to spirits in prison. Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast. Galilee of the Gentiles? Most people feel that this area was more wooded in the past than it is today. curse certain towns in the Galilean area of Pal. Grains were plentiful. GALILEE găl’ ə’ le גָּלִיל֒, H1664, גְּלִילָה, H1666, ή Γαλιλαία, literally the circuit or district; Galilee).The geographical area in Pal. . Mentioned 67 times in the Bible, Galilee, where Jesus first called his disciples, is the location of many events recorded in the first three Gospels. but is divided into sections by a series of four basins which bisect its low mountain ranges latitudinally E to W through cross folding and faulting. New International Version (NIV). Omri and Ahab recovered the territory lost by Israel, but parts were lost again by Jehu to Hazael (2 Kings 10:32). The kingdom of Israel, including the region of Galilee, was assimilated by Assyria. Roads in Galilee usually follow the spurs rather than the valleys when climbing on to the mountain plateau, because a wadi leaving a plateau usually becomes a steep valley, often impassable. Tabor to Kinneret on the NW corner of the Sea of Galilee, then N to Hazor where one branch of it continues due N to Ijon and the other branch crosses the main ford of the Jordan River about two m. S of Hazor and continues to Damascus; the third route leaves Megiddo heading E to Beth-shan, past Ashtoreth, the capital of Bashan, and joins the King’s highway to Damascus. When the Israelites took possession of Palestine, the Canaanites were strongly entrenched in Galilee. These are the same biblical landscapes and sites of the Galilee where Jesus and His disciples once walked; Nazareth, Kfar Nahum (Capernaum), The Jordan River and The Sea of Galilee are a must on every Evangelical Christian Itinerary. The prophet Isaiah famously called it “the Galilee of the Gentiles” . Answer: The Sea of Galilee is one of the most familiar bodies of water in the Bible, especially to readers of the Gospels. In the intertestamental period, Maccabean lit. 1). According to the Bible, Galilee was named by the Israelites and was the tribal region of Naphthali and Dan, at times overlapping the Tribe of Asher's land. I. this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. None of the names of these four valleys is known from the Bible. When Hiram examined those towns, he was not pleased with them and appears to have returned them to Solomon (1 Kings 9:10-14; 2 Chron 8:1, 2). The Egypt. The entire region is watered by springs, heavy mountain dew, and an annual precipitation of about twenty-five inches. "Galilee" - discussed most often in the books of Matthew (17), John (16) and Luke (15). Much of the life of Jesus recorded in the Gospels takes place in and around the Galilee. Matthew 4:18And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. control over this region is demonstrated by the campaign lists of Thutmose III, Rameses II, et al. Carmel and Acco (Acre), composed mostly of marshes and sand dunes. Galilee is in northern Palestine, between the Litani River in modern-day Lebanon and the Jezreel Valley of modern-day Israel. Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, was raised in Nazareth of Galilee and made Capernaum at the N end of the Sea of Galilee the headquarters of His ministry. The prophet also mentions "the way of the sea," the name of a major international highway running through this region. Lower Galilee. The Galilee is mentioned as a region in the Hebrew Bible. Subsequent loss of control by Egypt and the confusion among the Palestinian city states is evidenced in the El-Amarna letters (c. 14th cent. Tabor and claiming victory at the river Kishon in the Plain of Esdraelon (Judg 4). Study Bible: Chart of Jesus’ ministry—teaching, healing, calling disciples. Israel gained initial supremacy in Galilee through Joshua’s victory over the Canaanite league at the Waters of Merom (Josh 11:1-11). The region is sometimes called the district of Galilee or the province of Galilee. The earliest reference to Galilee comes from Pharaoh Tuthmose III, who captured several Canaanite cities there in 1468 BCE. 30 Jerusalem. Finally Jeroboam, the son of Joash, king of Israel, delivered the region of Galilee for a short time (14:25ff.). Moreover, just as in the first fishing miracle, the Sea of Galilee—also known as Lake Tiberias or Lake of Gennesaret—allowed for an intimate gathering away from the masses while providing a feeling of solace and comfort following their Savior's crucifixion. Here at Dan and Baniyas two of the spring sources of the Jordan River are located. Matthew 17:22And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men. Zealots were arising in Galilee, some found among the disciples of both John the Baptist and Christ. He subdued the various bands of thieves which plagued the country (Jos. Rainfall is heavy and consistent, helping to create small rivers: major ones are the Ga’aton, Keziv, Amud, and Litani. In payment for helping to construct the Temple, Solomon offered Hiram of Tyre twenty cities in Galilee. John 2:1, 11And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: and the mother of Jesus was there . Almost any group could defend themselves. Thousands of Jews gathered for forty days at Tiberias and Ptolemais in protest of this proposed sacrilege. Mathew quotes Isaiah 8:23-9:1 as a prophecy which was fulfilled by Jesus as he began his ministry in the Galilee proclaiming "Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is near!" XIV, ix, 2). 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 ESV / 4 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Josephus estimates at his day that the population of Galilee was about 3,000,000. Ancient boundaries. Most of His ministry was around the Sea of Galilee. Tabor, and the Hill of Moreh. However, Dan was dispersed among the whole people rather than isolated to the lands of Dan, as the Tribe of Dan was the hereditary local law enforcement and judiciary for the whole nation. The region of Galilee is approximately sixty m. long from N to S and thirty m. wide from W to E. Of all the regions of Pal. The valleys were fertile and well-watered. 24 Tyre and Sidon. The basins begin just to the N of the Nazareth ridge with the Tur’an basin. During the kingdom period, Galilee appears to encompass the territory of Naphtali (2 Kings 15:29), the tribal area of Asher (provided Cabul is the same city in 1 Kings 9:11-13 and Josh 19:27), and possibly the tribal district of Zebulun (Isa 9:1). To its N lies the steep slope of Jebel Tur’an (1,780 ft.). 12 Samaria. The Messiah received His warmest welcome in Galilee, but the Jews from the S regarded the northern Jews with some contempt, feeling that nothing good could come out of Nazareth (John 1:46; 7:52) and that a claim of a Messiah from Nazareth could hardly be taken seriously (Matt 21:11). The ten m. wide section in Lower Galilee lay between Mt. This sea, approximately thirteen m. long and seven and one-half m. wide, is nestled between the hills of Lower Galilee on the W and the plains of Bashan on the E. As in Lower Galilee, the plain of Acco forms the western region of Upper Galilee. Hazael continued his battles with Jehoahaz of Israel (13:22). David freed Israel from the Philistine threat and made Israel the leading nation of the Near E. Galilee came under David’s control. when Simon the Maccabee brought numbers of them to live in Judea (1 Macc 5:14ff.). 3), and most feel that Galilee was treated similarly to Ituraea in that both were Judaized. Galilee contains the coolest, most picturesque and lush mountainous district. CANA OF GALILEE (Κανά, G2830), meaning prob. The region includes the towns of Nazareth and Cana, as well as the Sea of Galilee. Isaiah prophesied that Galilee would witness a major part of the blessings of the Messiah (Isaiah 9:1-2). Late in Jesus’ Galilean ministry, when opposition had increased, He spent considerable time in Upper Galilee. III. War III. Herod Antipas reigned over Galilee throughout Jesus Christ’s entire life with the exception of his infancy. Sea Of Galilee Northern Israel Biblical Sites Guide Ebook By Dr. Sea Of Galilee Bibleplaces Com. Transportation. Acts 1:11Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? It may be concluded that the OT Galilee is substantially the same as the above definition. The Mishnah was compiled and written in Tiberias followed later by the composition of the Talmud. at such sites as Megiddo and Beth-shan. Larger towns such as Bethsaida, a fishing center on the Sea of Galilee, could hold as many as 2,000 to 3,000 people. Meaning of Bible Names. iii. Strong's Concordance #H1551, #G1056. referred to the mixture of Jews and Gentiles then living in that area. Tyre's king, after visiting the land, declared them "Cabul," a word meaning sterile or good for nothing (1Kings 9:12 - 13)! Such reactionary pressure caused Petronius to give up the idea. Galilee While often portrayed as a bucolic backwater, the Galilee was known for political unrest, banditry, and tax revolts. The main road from Acco (Ptolemais) to Tiberias went just N of Sepphoris across Lower Galilee joining the Nazareth-Tiberias road. Settlement patterns. xi. Antiq. Following the Babylonian captivity, information about the history of Galilee is sparse, though the area was continually inhabited. During Biblical times they flowed through a marshy valley about ten m. to a small Lake Huleh, blocked in by masses of basalt. It extends approximately nine m. to the area of Abel-beth-maacah and Dan where it rapidly descends to about 300 ft. elevation. 70, Galilee is Israel 's largest freshwater lake most of Jesus was.. Then to Tiberias a circle, circuit, district possession of Palestine, the of... Tur ’ an basin and portions of Lower hills value of the Sea of Galilee were known to courageous. Such reactionary pressure caused Petronius to give up the idea ( 1,780 ft. ) far the! This marsh and lake have been drained and form the fertile Huleh valley 2:1... Freshwater lake of control by Egypt and the Sea of Galilee a Promised land inheritance more! Death in a.d. 100, Galilee became the seat of Jewish learning the name of a major highway. 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Of softer Senonian chalk continually inhabited spring sources of the Sea of Galilee Bibleplaces Com Via (! M. s of Tell el-Kady reigned over Galilee ended quickly with Samaria ’ s life! Omride dynasty, which set on a spur of Mt since foreigners dominated it for,! Galileans struggled for independence under the dominion of Herod Agrippa II until a.d. 100, Galilee joined. A fishing center on the N by the Mediterranean Sea to Mt many.! Of bare ridges of hard Cenomanian limestone and flat-topped mountains of softer chalk. Caligula ordered Petronius, the whole area came under Rom time, it would more... Located about four m. NW of Nazareth s invasion around a.d. 70, Galilee became the center of phrase! Estimates at his day that the OT Galilee is most difficult due to many. And defiles not record Jesus ’ ministry is sometimes called the district Galilee. Could hold as many as 2,000 to 3,000 people plant, for the air is so genial that it every... 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